William Hogarth (1697-1764) was an English artist, printmaker, engraver, and satirist. He is credited with the concept of sequential art. His works cover a wide range of topics including realistic portraits, comic-like strips, political satire, and historical art. He made several series of moral works including A Harlot's Progress, Rake's Progresses, and Marriage à-la-mode which is considered to be his finest work. Our collection of patterns includes a wide cross section of his works including two Self Portraits, The Shrimp Girl, The Roast Beef of Old England, An Election Entertainment, David Garrick and His Wife, David Garrick as Richard III, The Enunciation, and Portrait of Captain Thomas Coram.

Patterns Included In This Set:

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Self Portrait with Pug

Marriage à-la-mode - The Tête à Tête

The Shrimp Girl

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Portrait of Captain Thomas Coram

The March of the Guards to Finchley

Heads of Six of Hogarth's Servants

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The Roast Beef of Old England

Marriage à-la-mode - The Marriage Settlement

David Garrick and His Wife

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David Garrick as Richard III

Miss Mary Edwards

An Election Entertainment

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Moses Brought Before Pharaoh's Daughter

Marriage à-la-mode - The Inspection

The Strode Family

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William Jones

Simon Fraser 11th Baron Lovat

Portrait of Sarah Malcolm in Prison

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Portrait of Dr. Benjamin Hoadly

Rake's Progress - Orgy

Self Portrait

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The Denunciation

Mrs. Catherine Edwards

George Arnold

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Portrait of Madame Salter

The Graham Children

Sigismonda

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William Hogarth (1697-1764) was a man before his time. His broad range of abilities in the area of sequential art gained him reverence as an “original genius.” The types of art he advanced were mainly political satire and conversation pieces, in addition to moral stories and portraits. He applied his skills in painting, printmaking, and engraving to create artwork that had never been seen before.

In fact, the self-proclaimed Rococo artist, with his creative imagination and unique technique, advanced a style of art appropriately titled, “Hogarthian.” This specifically points to works of political satire that mimic elements of his comic strips and engravings.

Hogarth, an English man, was quite popular during his career, which began when he first published a strip of political satire in 1726. By this time, Hogarth had been a working artist for nearly 5 years. He was able to produce this piece while working for a print seller. Before that, he apprenticed with a silver-plate engraver who inspired him to operate his own engraving business that included painting portraits.

In the early 1720s, Hogarth began spending a lot of time at Sir James Thornhill’s free art academy. He went onto marry Sir Thornhill’s daughter, Jane. Other relationships that advanced the life and career of William Hogarth came with his membership to the Rose and Crown Club, which was a weekly meeting for young artists and art connoisseurs. Other notable Rosacoronians (as they were commonly known) include George Vertue, Michael Dahl, and Peter Tillemans.

In addition, William Hogarth was a Freemason. This fraternity celebrates the Brotherhood of Man and initiated Hogarth at one of its chapters early in his career. Freemasonry was a consistent theme throughout his work. Similarly, religious themes were also threaded throughout his various pieces. Even though Hogarth was a Deist, analysis of his art work shows signs of Orthodox Christianity. The likely reason for this is because Hogarth wanted to be seen as a “history painter.” Therefore, he dabbled in serious subject matter inspired by Biblical history but could never shake the title of “comic.”

The Hogarthian style is still used today. In fact, his innovative techniques advanced the future of art and print work. Take for instance, his political satire. In this sense he used art as a vehicle to express his opinions about political figures, economy, religion and more. By the 1930s, Hogarth was well known because of his widespread cartoon printings. Unfortunately, he wasn’t making the money he deserved because printers were reproducing his work without paying him royalties. This encouraged him to persuade Parliament to pass the Engravers’ Copyright Act in 1735.

Other than his interest in political happenings, Hogarth also gave attention to social life. With oil paints, he produced a number of “conversation pieces.” He was one of the first artists to paint these informal settings and gatherings. This new type of art was different from the portraits he familiarized himself with because it consisted of capturing people in “candid” moments.

Another form of art Hogarth is known for are his moral stories. Each finished piece of artwork included a number of individual engravings. The stories told over the course of these many images were mostly tragedies, like his famous, “A Harlot’s Progress,” which follows the downward spiral of a country girl who moves to London and dies at the hands of men who used her along the way.

William Hogarth used and mastered many types of art work. After spending his life engraving, painting, printing and even writing, he returned to the art which he was best known for, political satire. More specifically, he moved towards anti-war themed satire near the end of his life.

By the time he passed away due to illness related causes in 1764, Hogarth had already influenced the future of art and Parliamentary law. His legacy was also spread by having an active role in establishing a school of painting. This institution advocated for artists throughout England.

One doesn’t need to go far when looking for the influence of William Hogarth on culture. His memory lives in the arts of today. Other painters emulate his work; writers create fictional scenarios of the once famous man; exhibits and museums showcase the remnants of his masterpieces. The innovations of artist William Hogarth were before his time. This is why his style of sequential art remains unchanged today.

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