Hans Memling (c.1435 - 1494) was a leading Flemish Painter of his time. He lived in the city of Bruges and was a prosperous man due to the many patrons who commissioned paintings (usually of a religious theme) to be done by him. His style borrowed from other Flemish painters of the time including Jan van Eyck, Dieric Bouts, Roger van der Weyden, and Hugo van Goes. He also painted a number of three-hinged panel art pieces (known as triptychs) and two sided ones (known as diptychs). Our pattern set for Hans Memling contains many well known artworks including The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian, Portrait of Gilles Joye, The Virgin and Child, St. Veronica, Man of Sorrows, Portrait of a Man with an Arrow, Diptych of Maarten van Nieuwenhove, Bathsheba, Triptych of Adriaan Reins, Portrait of a Man with a Roman Coin, St. John Altarpiece, The Donne Triptych, Triptych of Earthly Vanity and Divine Salvation, and Mater Dolorosa.

Patterns Included In This Set:

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The Virgin and Child between St. James and St. Dominic

Angel Holding an Olive Branch

Christ Giving His Blessing

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The Mourning Virgin with St. John and the Pious Women

Head of Christ

Advent and Triumph of Christ (detail)

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Bathsheba

Deposition

Flowers in a Jug

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Man of Sorrows

Man of Sorrows

Mater Dolorosa

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St. Andrew

St. John and Veronica Diptych

Standing Virgin and Child (detail)

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Triptych of Adriaan Reins (detail)

St. Christopher

St, Stephen

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Martyrdom Of St. Sebastian

The Man of Sorrows in the Arms of the Virgin

Portrait of Maria Maddalena Portinari

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Portrait of a Young Woman

Portrait of a Old Woman

Portrait of a Man with an Arrow

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St. Veronica

Diptych of Maarten van Nieuwenhove

Diptych of Maarten van Nieuwenhove

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Portrait of Gilles Joye

Portrait of a Man with a Roman Coin

Portrait of a Praying Woman

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Portrait of a Young Man

Portrait of a Young Woman

St. John Altarpiece (detail)

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St. John Altarpiece (detail)

The Donne Triptych (right)

The Donne Triptych (left)

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The Donne Triptych (center-detail)

The Presentation in the Temple (detail)

Triptych of Earthly Vanity and Divine Salvation (left)

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Triptych of Earthly Vanity and Divine Salvation (center)

Triptych of Earthly Vanity and Divine Salvation (right)

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Flemish painter Hans Memling was born sometime around 1430-35 in Seligenstadt, Germany. Due to insufficient records, much is unknown about Memlings early and personal life. It is said that he was an apprentice at Cologne or Mainz, where he probably received his primary artistic training. Stephan Lochner may have been a teacher of Memling during his youth.

It is likely that Hans Memling was an active artist in Brussels in his early twenties. At that time, he was probably taught by Rogier van der Weyden. Van der Weyden was a notable artist in the Flemish school of painters, and it became evident that Memling’s work adopted similar characteristics.

There are several reasons why it is fairly safe to assume that Memling studied under Rogier van der Weyden. Memling’s artistic style, coupled with other historical clues, strongly indicates a pupil-student connection between the Flemish painter and Van der Weyden.

Around 1465, after his time in Brussels, Hans Memling relocated to Bruges and began to enjoy a great deal of success. The thriving artist became rich and is said to have had a busy workshop. Bruges was the ideal place for an artist of Memling’s caliber, as it was the most wealthy and influential city in northern Europe.

Hans Memling’s artistic style was rich in realism, deliberateness, and technical exactness. He was a part of the Flemish school of painters, and other members of this group were known for their similar characteristics. Memling’s work stands out due to its unique beauty and sensitivity.

Around the time Memling moved to Brussels in 1465, he began working on Virgin and Child Enthroned with Two Musical Angels, which was completed in 1467. The painting was not quite like anything Memling had created before or would create again. Rich in symmetry and Rogerian devices, this painting would become one of Memlings most closely studied works.

Also in 1467, Memling began creating the now-famous Last Judgment Triptych. He painted people ascending into heaven on one side of the triptych; he reserved the other side for the "damned," who he depicted descending into hell. The composition was commissioned by Angelo Tani and was intended for use in a Florentine chapel.

Triptych of Jan Crabbe, Virgin and Child in a Landscape, and Annunciation were other works crafted by Memling in the 1460’s. These pieces were painted in the style of Memling's probable teacher, Rogier van der Weyden.

In the 1470’s, Hans Memling was wed to Anne de Valkenre, who bore him three sons: Cornelius, Jean, and Nicholas. By this time Memling had a prosperous studio that boasted many students. He also was the owner of three homes and was provided with commissions given to him by influential community members, which added to his wealth.

1470-1480 proved to be an important decade for Memlings career. It was during these years that he painted Adoration of the Magi, Scenes from the Passion of the Christ, Nativity, Young Man at Prayer, and many other works that would firmly establish him as a master painter.

The Shrine of St Ursula is considered the "masterpiece" of Memling’s later work and is estimated to have been painted in 1480. The Shrine of St Ursula is an actual erected shrine made of gilded wood and featuring painted inserts. Memling’s attention to detail is unparalleled in this work.

Memling’s last assignment was a Crucifixion panel, commissioned in 1491 and crafted on Heinrich Greverade’s behalf.

Hans Memling died on August 11, 1494 at Bruges. He left two legacies, one being material and one immaterial. The first is his body of artwork; the second is his captivating, immaculate style, which artists have been trying to capture for hundreds of years since his death.

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