Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775 - 1851) was a controversial English landscape painter. His eccentric style matched his subjects - shipwrecks, fires, natural catastrophes, as well as natural phenomena such as sunlight, storms, rain, and fog. The significance of light to Turner resembled God's spirit. In his later paintings he concentrated on the play of light on water and the radiances of skies and fires, almost to an Impressionistic style. Our collection of Joseph Mallord William Turner patterns includes many examples of his style including The Fighting Temeraire, The Shipwreck of the Minotaur, Snow Storm, The Grand Canal, Peace - Burial at Sea, and Rain, Steam and Speed .

Patterns Included In This Set:

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Self Portrait

The Fighting Temeraire

The Shipwreck of the Minotaur

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Rain, Steam and Speed

Wreckers Coast of Northumberland

Calais Pier

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Ovid Banished from Rome

Ulysses deriding Polyphemus

The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons

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The Grand Canal-Venice

Snow Storm

Procession of Boats with Distant Smoke

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Interior at Petworth

Norham Castle-Sunrise

Sun Setting Over a Lake

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Peace - Burial at Sea

Sunrise with Sea Monsters

Colour Beginning

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Staffa - Fingal's Cave

S. Giorgio Maggiore - Early Morning

Moonlight

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Landscape with Distant River and Bay

Carlisle

The Rainbow

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Keelmen Heaving Coals by Moonlight

This set is available at our Segmation Store and requires an authorized version of
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Joseph Mallord William Turner (April 23, 1775 December 19, 1851) was an English 19th century landscape painter of the Romantic school. He was one of the greatest, most talented and most successful landscape painters of his day, but also the most controversial. Turner was an innovator who influenced the Impressionists and is today regarded as the predecessor of modern abstract painting.

Turner was born in London, England. His father was a barber and wigmaker. His mother was committed to a mental asylum where she died in 1804. Turner had a younger sister who died in early childhood. As a result of all this family upheaval, the young Turner was sent to live with an uncle in a small town in the country. It was here that Turner first started painting. He had very little formal schooling and was taught how to read by his father, but he was constantly drawing and by the time he was 13 he was selling his work in his father's shop.

At the age of 14 Turner was accepted to the Royal Academy Schools and a year later, one of his watercolors was accepted at the Royal Academy's prestigious Summer Exhibition. He was made an associate of the Academy in the same year and he became a full member in 1802, when he was just 27 years old. The panel that accepted him was presided by Sir Joshua Reynolds, then president of the Academy. In 1796 Turner exhibited Fishermen at Sea, his first oil painting, at the Royal Academy and from then on he exhibited there almost every year until he died. When he was thirty he was nominated a Professor at the Academy and was briefly its acting President in 1845. Turner was a highly productive artist and enormously successful early in his lifetime. He already had his own studio at the age of 18 and by the time he was 20, his drawings were being snapped up by print sellers eager to reproduce his works for mass sale. Contemporary critics recognized him as an artistic genius and his financial success gave him the freedom to experiment and innovate.

Turner traveled extensively across Europe and in 1802 he studied the Old Masters in the Louvre in Paris. Visits to Venice provided the inspiration for some of his finest landscapes. During trips to Italy between 1819 and 1829 his style evolved: his paintings were no longer faithful renderings of the landscape before him, but instead became an atmospheric abstraction of light and movement that transcend the mundane and veer towards the visionary. However, his works were always based on observation and during the course of his travels he sketched scenes of the countries he toured, filling hundreds of sketchbooks which he later used to produce his oils, watercolors and prints. In true Romantic tradition, he believed that landscape and natural forces could become expressions of the most powerful emotions. He viewed himself as the heir to the traditions of Raphael and the Roman Renaissance. His fascination with portraying nature in its wildest form was such that when the Houses of Parliament caught fire in 1834 Turner went out on a boat on the River Thames to record the scene in watercolors.

As Turner aged he started becoming eccentric. He had almost no friends apart from his father, with whom he lived for 30 years and when his father died in 1829 Turner was so deeply bereaved that he began to suffer from periods of depression. He stopped going to meetings of the Royal Academy's board, he would refuse to sell his paintings and, if he did sell one, he would suffer for several days. His last exhibition was held in 1850.

Turner never married, but he did have a mistress, Sophia Caroline Booth. After a long illness, Turner died in her London house in 1851. He was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, next to Sir Joshua Reynolds. He left 300 oil paintings and more than 20,000 drawings and watercolors which he bequeathed to the nation.

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