Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) was a French Neoclassical Painter who was also a master of painting portraits. His self view was that of a guardian and conservator of the past style of art forms. In reality, his art style which utilized distortions of form and style, particularly with his numerous portraits, serve as a precursor to modern art. Our pattern collection contains many examples of his neoclassical works including Oedipus and the Sphinx, Jupiter and Thetis, and The Source. We've also included many of his portraits including Madame Rivere, Madame Aymon, Mme. Moitessier, Louis-François Bertin, François Marius Granet, Edme-François-Joseph Bochet, and Jean Baptiste Desdeban.

Patterns Included In This Set:


Self Portrait

Napoleon on his Imperial Throne

Madame Riviere


La Grande Odalisque

Louis Francois Bertin

Odalisque with a Slave


The Valpincon Bather

Marcotte d'Argenteuil

Mlle. Jeanne-Suzanne-Catherine


Madame Marie Marcotte

Louise de Broglie

Princesse Albert de Broglie


The Source

Madame Moitessier

The Turkish Bath


Jupiter and Thetis

The Virgin Adoring the Host

Half-figure of a Bather


Oedipus and the Sphinx

Paolo and Francesca

Francois-Marius Granet



Bonaparte as First Consul

Madame Aymon


Baronne James de Rothschild

Madame Henri Gonse

Edme Franois Joseph Bochet


Hippolyte Franois Devillers

Madame Jacques-Louis Leblanc

Madame Paul-Sigisbert Moitessier


Count Nikolai Dmitrievich Gouriev

Madame Frederic Reiset

Hygin-Edmond-Ludovic-Auguste Cave


Delphine Ramel Madame Ingres

The Architect Jean Baptiste Desdeban

Pierre Franois Bernier


Virgin of the Adoption

Mademoiselle Rivire

This set is available at our Segmation Store and requires an authorized version of
SegPlay® PC to be already installed on your machine.

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (29 August 1780 - 14 January 1867) was a French painter of the Neoclassical school. He considered himself a painter in the grand historical tradition, but it was his portraits and his signature calligraphic style that were to influence the work of artists such as Picasso, Degas and Renoir.

Ingres was born in Montauban, a small town in southwest France, the eldest of seven brothers and sisters. His father was a moderately successful painter, sculptor and musician who, recognizing his young son's talent, encouraged him to draw and play the violin. Although Ingres eventually became a painter, he would continue to play the violin throughout his life.

In 1791 the young Ingres enrolled in the Royal Academy of Arts in Toulouse where, under the influence of his tutors, he came to admire the works of Raphael. He was also tutored in music and was second violinist in the Toulouse orchestra.

Ingres went to Paris in 1797 to continue his art training in the studio of Jacques-Louis David. He remained there for four years and was considered David's best student, winning a national competition in 1801. His success entitled him to study in Rome, but because France was in a poor financial state after the Revolution, he had to wait until 1806 for the government to find the funds. In the meantime, he started painting portraits, which were notable for their sensuous beauty and use of contour.

Ingres did not like to see brushstrokes on the surface of his canvasses. He was an outstanding draftsman and developed a style based on flat colors and half tones, reminiscent of the Renaissance masters he so admired. His critics did not understand his approach and would deliver harsh judgments on his works throughout his career. In 1802 Ingres had his first painting exhibited at the Salon. It was a portrait (now lost), but opened the doors to a prestigious commission to paint a full length portrait of the Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte.

Four years later, Ingres became engaged to Julie Forestier before leaving shortly afterwards for Rome. The Salon opened a few days later, displaying Ingres's portrait of Napoleon I. The painting's style shocked visitors. David, his former tutor, declared it antiquated and the condemnation was almost universal. Ingres vowed never to exhibit at the Salon again, nor to return to France. He stayed in Rome until 1820, producing large, classical works that were not well-received in France. His absence led to the break-off of his engagement.

Ingres was at a low point in his career and in poor shape financially. To earn a living, he produced pencil portraits of tourists, works that are today considered among his best pieces. Despite his poverty, in 1813 he entered into a marriage with a young lady from Montauban, arranged for him by friends. Ingres proposed to Madeleine Chapelle by correspondence without having ever met her. Nevertheless, their marriage was happy and successful.

The couple moved to Florence in 1820 in the hopes of improving their finances. Ingres received a few commissions: a childhood friend from his hometown requested the Entry of Charles V into Paris (which was finished in 1821); and he painted the Vow of Louis XIII for the Cathedral of Montauban, which took him four years to complete. Mostly though, he was forced to rely on his portrait drawings for income.

Despite swearing never to exhibit at the Salon again, the Vow of Louis XIII was shown at the Salon of 1824, and Ingres travelled to Paris with his canvas. The painting was a great success. Ingres was elected to the Academy in 1825 and awarded the Legion d'Honneur by the Emperor. He was declared the guardian of classical values and became the standard bearer of classisicm against the Romantic movement lead by Delacroix.

From 1826 to 1834 Ingres ran the most successful studio in Paris. After another work submitted to the Salon was criticized though, he went back to Rome as Director of the French Academy of Arts. He held this position until 1841, and proved to be an excellent administrator, returning to Paris to great acclaim. The king himself invited Ingres to his palace at Versailles. Tragedy struck in 1849 when Ingres lost his wife but he remarried a year later to Delphine Ramel who at 43 was 28 years his junior. Despite the age difference, this marriage was also happy and over the next ten years Ingres produced some of his best-known and best-loved works, including The Turkish Bath, which was completed when Ingres was 82 years old. Ingres died of pneumonia at the age of 87, leaving his violin, some 4,000 drawings and some of his best-known historical works to the museum of Montauban.

You may reproduce this article only in its whole and only by including this copyright. If reproducing it electronically, you must include a link to