A well organized collection that brings to life the most recognized works of Paul C├ęzanne, a French post-impressionist painter. You'll find landscapes, portraits, and still lifes of which C├ęzanne shows a mastery of design and an influence towards cubism. Twenty of his most famous works are included from his dark period (1861-1870), Impressionist period (1870-1878), Mature Period (1878-1890), and Final Period (1890-1905).

Patterns Included In This Set:

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Women in a Green Hat

The Negro Scipio

The Railway Cutting

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The House of Dr. Gachet

Le Dessert

Portrait Victor Chocquet

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House in Provence

House with the Red Roof

Gardanne

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Bay of Marseilles-View of Estaque

Card Players

Still Life-Vase with Tulips

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Boy in a Red Vest

Bathers

Self Portrait

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Son Paul

Still Life-Peppermint Bottle and Blue Carpet

La Montage Sainte Victoire

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Self Portrait

Preparation for Burial

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Paul CÚzanne was a French artist whose combined use of color, abstraction and geometric precision provided a link between nineteenth century Impressionism and twentieth century Cubism. Born in Provence in 1839, the son of a wealthy banker, CÚzanne studied law in Aix before moving to Paris in 1861 with his childhood friend, Emile Zola. While Zola was to become one of France's most renowned writers, CÚzanne was to become one of the country's most feted painters.

Paris in the nineteenth century was a center for artistic innovation, and it was there that CÚzanne met the Impressionist Camille Pissarro, an artist who would guide CÚzanne away from his initial dark palette and towards colors that reflected a brighter, more natural light.

Although CÚzanne knew and mixed with the Impressionists in Paris, including Manet and Degas, he was not particularly sociable. His shyness, short temper and bouts of depression made it difficult for him to form friendships and influenced his early works. His Dark Period (1861-1870), which dates from this time, is characterized by a focus on figures and above all by a use of somber colors, especially black.

Following the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, CÚzanne left the French capital with his mistress, Marie-Hortense Fiquet, moving eventually to Pontoise. Painting alongside Pissarro, CÚzanne began creating more landscapes and switched to brighter colors to created works that would lead critics to refer this stage of his life as The Impressionist Period (1870-1878). Indeed, CÚzanne's works were shown in both the first and third Impressionist exhibitions, which took place in Paris in 1874 and 1877. In neither of those exhibitions did CÚzanne receive warm reviews from the critics.

By the early 1880s CÚzanne's life had become more stable. The family, which now included a son also called Paul, moved back to Provence and in 1886, CÚzanne married Hortense and inherited his father's estate. Impressed by Mount St. Victoire near the house of Hortense's brother, CÚzanne was able to combine his Impressionist techniques with a subject containing the solidity and permanence which he felt Impressionist art lacked, and which would later be felt in Cubism.

The Final Period (1890-1905) of CÚzanne's life was not a happy one. He had broken off relations with his lifelong friend, Zola, after the writer had based a character on CÚzanne's life, and diabetes affected his personality to the extent that his marriage became strained. Just as acclaim for his work grew, CÚzanne himself became increasingly reclusive, repainting the subjects of his old works in different ways. His masterpiece, The Great Bathers, for example, wiith its geometric lines and focused composition clearly shows his progression from a painting of the same subject made more than thirty years before which focused solely on the figures themselves.

CÚzanne died of pneumonia in 1906 leaving a large oeuvre that include, The Murder, The Bather and Rideau, Crichon et Compotier, which became the world's most expensive still-life painting when it sold for $60.5m in 1999.

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